The Antarctic is the polar region which surrounds the Earth’s South Pole.
It’s a very cold place which covers about 10% of the world’s surface.
More than 99% of the Antarctic landmass is permanently covered in ice. Sea ice surrounding the continent grows in the winter to 20 million square kilometres, which is nearly twice the area of Europe!
Until fairly recently (only 100 years ago) we knew very little about this icy world.
Captain Scott was an officer in the British Navy who had a taste for adventure.
He led two expeditions to Antarctica to find out more about the continent.
He hoped that his expedition would be the first to reach the South Pole. But when they arrived, they found a Norwegian group had reached the pole five weeks earlier.
During the long journey back from the South Pole in March 1912, Scott’s South Pole party were trapped by terrible snowstorms and all eventually died.
Although it ended tragically, Scott’s expedition made lots of important discoveries about the Antarctic environment and the animals that live there.
His son Sir Peter Scott was determined to build on his father’s work by finding out more about wildlife across the world and working to protect it.
To achieve this he helped to set up WWF. He even designed our famous panda logo!
Today, WWF is still working to protect the Antarctic.