Their powerful sense of smell and their keen eyesight which helps them detect their prey from up to 300m away.
They measure between 70-120cm from head to tail and weigh between 5-13kg.
Rabbits make up at least 80% of their diet. They also occasionally eat rodents, hares, partridges, ducks and geese.
They live in a range of habitats including Mediterranean woodland. They prefer dense scrubland to make their shelter and open pasture so they can hunt for food.
Around 270 adults remain in the wild.
Habitat loss and lack of prey are their biggest threats.
An Iberian lynx mother may carry its cubs between up to twelve homes, to avoid predators.